Author Guidelines

Before submitting, please use this checklist to verify that your manuscript complies with the journal guidelines: Pre-submission checklist.

For additional tools visit Author Resources - an enhanced suite of online tools for Wiley journal authors, featuring Article Tracking, E-mail Publication Alerts and Customized Research Tools.

Publication policy

Papers submitted for publication in Weather may be on any aspect of the weather, including climatology, oceanography, historical meteorology and related environmental matters. In submitting articles authors must take into account the wide readership of Weather – while contributions covering a wide variety of topics are welcome, authors should ensure that the terminology and technical content of articles can be understood by non-meteorologists. Material of a technical nature is more suitably submitted to one of the Society’s other journals. Responsibility for the accuracy of material submitted rests with the author.  Any potential conflict in interest must be declared upon first submission.

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General submission instructions

Submitted manuscripts should not have been previously published and should not be submitted for publication elsewhere while they are under consideration by the Journal.

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Online submission system for Weather

Weather uses an online submission system that allows authors to upload their files through the website; this also allows authors to check the status of their paper throughout the peer review process.

New users will need to create an account within the system, a three-step process that takes a matter of minutes to complete. Log-in information is sent via email immediately upon completion. Manuscript submission takes place in just seven screens and is a simple, intuitive process. Visit the following URL to start your submission: You will be asked to write a short Abstract and Key Words; these will assist electronic searching and may increase the readership of your article. However, neither will appear in print in the journal.

For enquiries regarding submission please contact

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Preparation of text and illustrations

The Editor reserves the right to return submissions that do not meet the requirements set out below.

Authors should study the style of text and figures used in previous issues of Weather and follow this. Sub-headings should be used as appropriate. Brief text boxes can be included.


An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work. Although abstracts do not appear in the printed journal, they are important for two reasons: (i) when a reviewer has to decide whether to accept the invitation to review, he or she needs to have some idea of the contents of the paper and (ii) the online version needs an abstract so that researchers can decide whether to pay to download. Therefore, ALL material (except Letters, Meeting reports, Book reviews and Obituaries) submitted to Weather via ScholarOne Manuscripts should include an abstract. The abstract should be included within the main manuscript document. The length should be tailored to the content - for example, a 50-100 word paragraph for Research Articles, just a line or two for Viewpoints. Where abstracts are not included, articles will be returned to authors before they enter the Review process.

It is suggested that authors take into consideration the Wiley Author Services guidelines on search engine optimization (SEO) when writing their title, abstract and key words, in order to achieve the best online discoverability for their article.

Authors intending to submit Book reviews (or editors/publishers interested in having their book reviewed) should follow the instructions shown at the foot of the Book review page in Weather.

Main text

Brevity and lucidity are encouraged. Articles of various lengths are welcomed but main articles should usually be no more than 3000–4000 words, plus figures and references, which should be used sparingly as Weather is not primarily a research journal. Meeting reports should not exceed 1000 words (fewer if a figure is used).

Spelling should conform to that recommended by the Concise Oxford Dictionary. Acronyms and symbols should be defined.

Typescripts must be thoroughly checked before submission, and authors who are not fluent in English should seek advice, if possible, from native English speakers.

Detailed mathematics should generally be avoided, but essential mathematics or technical material may be placed in a text box if appropriate.

The International System of Units (si) should be used, except for some common-usage alternatives ‘knots’ (kn) for wind speed. Inverse units should use the exponentiated form, e.g. ms –1 not m/s. Dates should be given as 6 March 1996 and times as 0900 GMT, 0900 UTC or 0900 h (for local time, which should be clearly related to UTC/GMT).


Weather welcomes the submission of short Letters for publication. These should be submitted in the usual way via the online submission system Alternatively, Letters can be sent by email to Letters should include a title (to appear in the published version), author name, and postal address (not to be displayed in the published version) to which a complimentary copy of the issue can be sent.


should be numbered with arabic numerals and provided with short headings; comments should be given as footnotes. Vertical rulings should not be used unless absolutely necessary.

File types

We ask that you submit MS Word or RTF (Rich Text Format) for your main document. LaTex manuscripts are not accepted by the journal.


Figures must be of draughtsman standard, should avoid extraneous detail and be of a size to fit on to a page of Weather at 1-column width, half-page width, 2-column or (occasionally) full-page width (please refer to any issue from January 2004 onwards for examples). Colour figures are encouraged, especially where their use improves clarity; multiple lines on graphs should be distinguished by use of contrasting colours; these should normally be dark enough to be clearly seen on a white background. If figures are submitted electronically high resolution is required for final copy (see graphics requirements list below). Figures should be numbered serially with references to them in the text being of the form ‘Figure 2’ at the beginning of a sentence and elsewhere. Captions should be supplied separately from diagrams, and figure legends should be included within the main manuscript document.

The inclusion of photographs is encouraged. Colour photographs are welcomed, but good black and white images may also be reproduced.

Figure files

Your figures should be submitted electronically in EPS, JPG or TIF format. For the purposes of review the files you upload will be automatically converted by the system into an HTML format and PDF. The PDF will be a single concatenated file generated from the separate files you upload. Other file types may be uploaded but may not convert properly to PDF. Please check the PDF carefully before finally submitting.

Figures should be supplied (uploaded) in one of the formats listed above in RGB or greyscale mode with no profile embedded and no layers. All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution and appropriate file format (EPS is a scalable vector format, and does not have a specific resolution in dpi):

  • Black-and-white and colour photos – 300 dpi in TIF format
  • Graphs, drawings, etc – ideally as a vector image (i.e. EPS format) at 300 dpi, or 600 dpi in TIF format
  • Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) – EPS format (embedded photographic images should be at least 300 dpi), or 600 dpi in TIF format

Information on how best to prepare publication-quality electronic graphics is available from the Wiley-Blackwell Author Services website at Authors should be careful to check that their colour images will reproduce faithfully in CMYK print before submission.

Figure guidelines now available

Updated guidelines for preparation of figures are now available for Authors. You can access the guidelines here (333kB PDF).

Reference style.

Citations in the text should be of the form ‘Shaw (1995)’, ‘(Shaw, 1995)’, or if more than two authors ‘Shaw et al. (1995)’, `(Shaw et al., 1995)`. A full alphabetical reference list must be included at the end of the paper – there should be no papers within this list that are not quoted in the text. References to websites are acceptable, but it should be remembered that websites can be originated by anyone and may not be accurate  – authors must take responsibility for the authority of the items that they cite. References to websites should be included in the normal reference list. References should not be used to excess. Where there is a long list of authors for a reference, normally only the first three authors will be listed (followed by et al.).

References should be presented as shown below:

  • Folland CK, Parker DE. 1995. Correction of instrumental biases in historical sea surface temperature data. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc ., 121: 319–367.
  • Meteorological Office. 1982. Handbook of meteorological instruments . HMSO: London.
  • Perry A. 1997. Mediterranean climate. In: King, R., Proudfoot, L. and Smith, B. (Eds.) The Mediterranean: Environment and society , Arnold: London.

Graphical Table of Contents

The Weather table of contents will be presented in graphical form with a brief abstract. For example:

Graphical Table of Contents

The physics related to the formation of clouds like the one shown in the image is highly complex and nonlinear. Standard data-assimilation techniques rely on linearisations and yield low-quality results when applied to phenomena like this. Fully nonlinear data-assimilation methods do exist but are typically too computationally expensive for high-dimensional applications. The implicit equal-weights particle filter developed here is fully nonlinear and very efficient in systems of any dimension, without artificial tricks like localisation. As such it forms an important step in solving this problem.

The Graphical Abstract entry must include a caption of no more than 80 words or 3 sentences of text summarising the key findings presented in the paper and a figure that best represents the scope of the paper. Ideally the figure should be eye-catching and colourful. It does not need to be a figure used in the main article, however if no figure is provided by the authors then Figure 1 and its figure caption will be used by default.

A Graphical Table of Contents is a mandatory element of submission to this journal for Research Articles, Review Articles and Special Issue Articles. For other types of submission it is optional.

Graphical Abstract entries should be submitted to ScholarOne and uploaded with the file designation ‘Graphical Abstract’ during the manuscript submission process. The caption should be uploaded in an editable Word file including the article title, the authors' names (with the corresponding author indicated by an asterisk). The image should be included in the caption Word file or supplied as a tif, EPS or PDF file. It must be in high resolution, at least 300 dpi, it must fit within the dimensions of 50mm x 60mm and be fully legible at this size.

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Colour and page charges

There are no page charges or colour charges for publication in Weather. All figures supplied in colour will be printed in colour at no cost to the authors.

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Plagiarism checking

Weather employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

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Data policy


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Copyright Transfer Agreement and Open Access Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA Creative Commons Attribution
  • Non-Commercial License OAA Creative Commons Attribution
  • Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

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If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form and ensure that the correct copyright assignment has been made in the manuscript. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. To obtain or query permission for material published by Wiley please email:

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Pre-submission English language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

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Proof corrections

Proofs will be sent as link to the PDF in our online proofing system for checking by the author. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of corrections is preferred, preferably within two days of receipt. Proof corrections should be made using the Adobe Reader e-annotation facility within the online proofing system. If you have any questions about using the Online Proofing System please contact the Production Editor at Please check this proof thoroughly and answer all queries raised by the copyeditor and typesetter. This will be the final quality check of your article.

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Further information

Five copies of the issue in which a main article appears will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author, or one copy for a short report, book review, letter or photograph. If you wish to receive these complimentary copies please ensure that a full postal address is provided within the submission details of your article.

Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.

Additional issue copies may be ordered as required here, and further reprints of your article may be ordered from

Funder Compliance

Author Compliance Tool

Weather offers both Green and Gold Open Access options. Use the above link to check compliance with your funder's policies.

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