Author Guidelines

Before submitting, please use this checklist to verify that your manuscript complies with the journal guidelines: Pre-submission checklist.

For additional tools visit Author Resources - an enhanced suite of online tools for Wiley journal authors, featuring Article Tracking, E-mail Publication Alerts and Customized Research Tools.

Publication policy

The journal publishes papers on all aspects of meteorological science applications, worldwide. The material may deal with the scientific, technical, commercial and administrative aspects of the applications from the point of view of the provider or user. The main requirement of the material is that it is well-written, interesting and of use to applied meteorologists and climatologists, forecasters and users of meteorological services.

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OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

See the Copyright Transfer Agreement and Open Access Agreement section below for further information regarding OnlineOpen.

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Preparation of text and illustrations

Papers submitted for publication should be concise. All parts of multi-part papers should be submitted at the same time.

The title should be short and should not contain symbols or unusual words. The abstract, describing main results and the methods used, should be up to 250 words in length, and followed by a list of up to eight key words. Please note that abstracts are self-contained and should contain no citation/reference to any other published work. It is strongly recommended that authors take into consideration the Wiley Author Services guidelines on search engine optimization (SEO) when writing their title, abstract and key words, in order to achieve the best online discoverability for their article.

The paper should be split into sections, the first of which should summarise related work and outline the purpose of the paper. The final section should contain just the main conclusions. Section titles should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals, and sub-section titles marked (1.1), (1.2) , etc. 

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Summary of journal style

Some key points to check for with regard to Journal style are listed below:

  1. Use British English rather than American English.
  2. Write in the passive tense (do not use ‘we’/’our’).
  3. Do not abbreviate the word ‘Figure(s)’
  4. Do not use footnotes: incorporate any necessary information in the text.
  5. Acronyms and symbols should be defined, either when they are first used or in an appendix.
  6. Dates should be in format (e.g.) 5 February 2012.
  7. Give times in the format (e.g.) 1800.
  8. If ‘local-time’ measurements are being used, provide an LST to UTC conversion on first usage.
  9. Give month names in full. E.g ‘January, February, March’, rather than ‘JFM’ or ‘Jan, Feb, Mar’.
  10. Please use SI abbreviations and do not give units in full.
  11. Insert spaces between numbers and units (e.g. 27 km not 27km).
  12. Do not hyphenate numbers and units (e.g. 12 km not 12-km).
  13. Give rates as exponentials (e.g. m s-1 not m/s).
  14. Use a degree symbol for references to either latitude/longitude or temperature.
  15. Temperatures should be in the format (e.g.) 12 °C, geographical co-ordinates should be in the form (e.g.) 15 ° W.
  16. Directions should be one word (southwest not south west or south-west) (and not capitalised or abbreviated).
  17. When used as a noun, ‘Section’ should have a capital ‘S’.
  18. et al. (and other Latin words, such as per) should be in italics.
  19. If listing references in the text, do so in ascending date (chronological) order, and alphabetically within years.
  20. Separate author surnames (or et al.) and dates in the in-text references with a comma (e.g. Smith, 1999). When citing multiple authors in-text, references should be separated by semi-colons (e.g. Jones, 2001; Smith, 2002).
  21. References in the reference list should be in Journal style, using recognised journal abbreviations.
  22. Any abbreviations used in the figures and tables must be defined in the corresponding legend.
  23. Multicomponent figures should have part labels (a, b...) in the top left above the figure area.
  24. Axis labels on graphs should be clearly legible (and in Journal style).
  25. If the figures are to be printed in black and white, or will be colour in the online version only, please make sure that the ‘original’ colours reproduce clearly in grey scale. Also, ensure that any mention of colour in text/legends is removed.
  26. Line numbers should start at the abstract and run continuously throughout the document. They should not take any other form.

Spelling should be UK English and should conform to that recommended by the Concise Oxford English Dictionary. Include the name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with grant number(s).

Greek and script characters, as well as special mathematical symbols, are acceptable. Operators, standard mathematical functions and symbols for chemical elements are printed in Roman type, vectors and matrices normally in bold Roman type and scalars in italic type. In-line expressions and equations should not have symbols at different levels. Care must be taken to avoid using the same symbol for different purposes and to distinguish between symbols that look alike. The use of brackets within equations should follow the hierarchy [{( )}]. Equations referred to in the text should be displayed on a separate line and numbered with Arabic numerals in parentheses. References to them should be of the form 'Equation (5)'.

Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals and be provided with short headings; comments in tables should be given as footnotes to the tables. Vertical rulings should not be used unless absolutely necessary.

Page limit and word count

Papers submitted for publication should be concise: Meteorological Applications has a page limit of 10 pages for Research Articles. This is equivalent to a limit of 11500 words. This limit includes figures, which should be counted as being equivalent to 380 words each. You can use the word limit calculator to check whether your article fits within the page limit. Any manuscripts exceeding this limit should be edited down to length prior to submission.

Note: Prior to the introduction of this limit within the submission system on 25 March 2014, papers in excess of the 10 page limit were permiited, at a charge of £110 per additional page or part page thereof.

It is the responsibility of the authors to calculate and anticipate any page and colour charges based on page extent of the proof and number of colour pages. These will be invoiced when the article is published in a printed issue.


Figures should be created electronically, or professionally drawn, photographed and digitized; freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. Supply each illustration as a separate file, with the lead author's name; the figure number; the top of the figure indicated. Tints are not acceptable; lettering must be of a reasonable size that would still be clearly legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of figures. Supply artwork at the intended size for printing, which must not exceed 245mm x 170mm.

Labels for components of figures should appear outside the figure area, and be of the form (a), (b) etc. Printing does not always clearly reproduce laser-printed grey scales; ensure shading is distinct and clearly identifies the data. Hatched fills and distinctive symbols should be used whereever possible. Computer-produced diagrams must be of adequate quality, with sufficient distinction between line types (full, dotted, dashed etc). Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and references to them should be in the form `Figure 1`.

Figures should be supplied (uploaded) as .EPS, .JPG or .TIF files in RGB or greyscale mode with no profile embedded and no layers. All illustrations should be supplied in the correct resolution and format. .EPS is a scalable vector format, and does not have a specific resolution in dpi.

  • Black-and-white and colour photographs: 300 dpi in .TIF format
  • Graphs and line drawings etc: ideally as a vector image in .EPS at 300 dpi minimum, or 600 dpi in .TIF format
  • Combinations of black-and-white or colour photographs and line drawings: .EPS format (embedded photographic images should be at 300 dpi); 600 dpi in .TIF format

In addition to saving files in these formats and resolutions, authors must also perform a visual check of all figures, to ensure that all images, text and labelling appear clearly and are not grainy or pixelated. Information on how best to prepare publication-quality electronic graphics is available from the Wiley-Blackwell Author Services website at

Colour Figures

Normally, graphical data should be presented in black and white, with the use of symbols to distinguish between lines and data sets. Colour is only acceptable if it is essential to the explanation (i.e. where different greyscales or symbols do not show the data clearly).

For those figures supplied in colour we will assume that they are colour online only. If you wish figures to appear as colour in print please complete the colour work agreement form and return it to the address shown in the form. We cannot work with separate black-and-white and colour versions of the artwork, so please supply colour artwork that can be printed clearly in black and white. Please ensure that figure legends and text support descriptions of colour figures which may appear in black and white! Captions and legends should be supplied separately from diagrams, and should be included within the main manuscript. It is the author’s responsibly to ensure that figures supplied in colour for online publication reproduce clearly in black and white print (greyscale compatibility can be tested by printing the figure on a black and white printer). Figures which do not reproduce clearly in black and white will be returned to the author for modification or may lead to the rejection of the paper.

Colour charges

If you wish figures to appear as colour in print please complete the colour work agreement form and return it to the address shown in the form. A charge of £250 for the first page and then £150 per page (or part page) thereafter is levied for printed colour figures. Colour charges will be invoiced when the article is published in a printed issue. There is no charge for figures that are colour online only (black & white in print). Where a colour work agreenment form is not completed any figures provided in colour will be assumed to be colour online only.

Any artworks previously published elsewhere should have the correct copyright line/source holder provided at the end of the caption within parentheses.

Figure guidelines now available

Updated guidelines for preparation of figures are now available for Authors. You can access the guidelines here.

Reference style

Bibliographical references in the text should be of the form ‘Smith (1995)’, ‘(Smith, 1995)’; or if more than two authors ‘Smith et al. (1995)’. Reference to unpublished material should be avoided; ‘personal communication’ may be used instead. A full alphabetical reference list must be included at the end of the paper; et al cannot be used within the reference list - all author names must be provided. Journal titles should be written in abbreviated form (eg Meteorol. Appl.). References to unpublished reports are not acceptable unless copies of the material are freely available from a named library or similar repository. Similarly, journal articles may only be quoted if they are ‘in press’ (accepted for publication rather than just ‘submitted’) - where possible a DOI should be provided for 'in press' references. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their references. References should take the form (please refer to a copy of the Journal from January 2012 onwards for further examples):

Journal reference:
Lachlan-Cope T, Turner T, Sear CB, Burt PJA, Jones A, Bowden T, Monreal R. 2000. A pilot study for predicting ozone amounts for the general public in southern Chile. Meteorol. Appl. 7: 37-43.

Book reference:
Hutchinson MF. 1987. Methods for generation of weather sequences. In Agricultural Environments: Characterisation, Classification and Mapping, Bunting AH (ed.). CAB International: Wallingford, UK; 147-159.

Unrefereed papers (Technical Notes / PhD Thesis):
Large EG, Yeager SG. 2004. `Diurnal to decadal global forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: The data sets and flux climatologies.` Technical Note TN-460 STR, 105pp. NCAR: Boulder, CO.

Le Marshall J, Jung J, Derber J, Treadon R, Goldberg M, Wolf W, Zapotocny T. 2006. `Assimiliation of advanced infrared sounder (AIRS) observations at the JCSDA.` In Proceedings of 14th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Atlanta, GA, 29 Jan-3 Feb 2006. American Meteorological Society: Boston, MA.

Supporting Information

Data that are (i) not amenable to presentation in a traditional print format, (ii) of interest primarily to specialists and do not require Journal page space, or (iii) particularly useful to the community in electronic (downloadable) form can be published online as Supporting Information hosted within Wiley Online Library.

This is additional, peer-reviewed material, such as data sets or additional figures or tables, that will not be published in the print edition of the journal but which will be viewable via the online edition. Supporting Information should only include material that is a valuable addition to the article.

  • Supporting Information must be submitted for review alongside the manuscript. It is recommended that Supporting Information is supplied as a single file containing all supporting figures and tables etc.
  • Supplementary figures, tables, videos and text must be numbered Figure S1, Figure S2, etc., Table S1, Table S2, etc., Video S1, and Appendix S1, etc., respectively
  • Titles and legends of supporting figures and tables should be included in the respective figure and table file(s)
  • The availability of Supporting Information should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear at the end of the text before the Reference list, headed 'Supporting information' and providing short titles of figures, tables and any other supporting material
  • Supporting Information should be cited at appropriate points in the main text of the manuscript, eg ‘(as shown in Figure S1)’

Graphical Table of Contents

The Meteorological Applications table of contents will be presented in graphical form with a brief abstract. For example:

Graphical Table of Contents

The physics related to the formation of clouds like the one shown in the image is highly complex and nonlinear. Standard data-assimilation techniques rely on linearisations and yield low-quality results when applied to phenomena like this. Fully nonlinear data-assimilation methods do exist but are typically too computationally expensive for high-dimensional applications. The implicit equal-weights particle filter developed here is fully nonlinear and very efficient in systems of any dimension, without artificial tricks like localisation. As such it forms an important step in solving this problem.

The Graphical Abstract entry must include a caption of no more than 80 words or 3 sentences of text summarising the key findings presented in the paper and a figure that best represents the scope of the paper. Ideally the figure should be eye-catching and colourful. It does not need to be a figure used in the main article, however if no figure is provided by the authors then Figure 1 and its figure caption will be used by default.

A Graphical Table of Contents is a mandatory element of submission to this journal for Research Articles, Review Articles and Special Issue Articles. For other types of submission it is optional.

Graphical Abstract entries should be submitted to ScholarOne and uploaded with the file designation ‘Graphical Abstract’ during the manuscript submission process. The caption should be uploaded in an editable Word file including the article title, the authors' names (with the corresponding author indicated by an asterisk). The image should be included in the caption Word file or supplied as a tif, EPS or PDF file. It must be in high resolution, at least 300 dpi, it must fit within the dimensions of 50mm x 60mm and be fully legible at this size.

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General submission instructions

Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that:

  • The paper has not been published before (except as an abstract)
  • The paper is not under consideration for publication elsewhere
  • Publication has been approved by all the authors and any other relevant authorities or institutions
  • The authors have been granted permission to reproduce any copyright material

Review policy

It is the policy of the journal that manuscripts will be reviewed by two referees. In the case of receiving a ‘rejection’ recommendation from at least one of the referees a manuscript normally will be rejected. The Editor, however, retains the discretion to over-rule this if it is felt appropriate.

Online submission system

Meteorological Applications has an online submission system that allows authors to upload their files through the website, as well as track their paper throughout the peer review process.

To submit visit: . New users must create an account within the system. Log-in information is sent via email immediately upon completion.

For enquiries regarding submission please contact

File naming

To aid the handling of your paper the following file naming conventions should be used:

The manuscript should be named as:
[first author’s surname]_metapps.[file type extension], eg ‘Smith_metapps.doc’

Figure files should be supplied individually, and should be named as:
[first author’s surname]_metapps_fig[number].[file type extension], eg ‘Smith_metapps_fig1.tif’

File types

The main document should be submitted in editable format, preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are MS Word or RTF (Rich Text Format) ONLY. LaTeX is not accepted by the journal.


Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.


Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

Your figures should be in TIFF, EPS or PDF format. For the purposes of review the files you upload will be automatically converted by the system into an HTML format and PDF. The PDF will be a single concatenated file generated from the separate files you upload. Other file types may be uploaded but may not convert properly to PDF. Please check the PDF carefully before finally submitting.

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Plagiarism checking

Meteorological Applications employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

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Data policy


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Copyright Transfer Agreement and Open Access Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA Creative Commons Attribution
  • Non-Commercial License OAA Creative Commons Attribution
  • Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

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If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. To obtain or query permission for material published by Wiley please email:

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Pre-submission English language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. It is not the job of the Editor or referees to undertake substantial editing work on a submitted manuscript: papers which require such work will be returned to the authors for attention. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

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Proof corrections

Proofs will be sent as PDF to the author for checking. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of corrections is preferred, preferably within two days of receipt. Proof corrections should be made using the Adobe Reader e-annotation facility and returned via e-mail to (information on using e-annotation is available here). Please check this proof thoroughly and answer all queries raised by the copyeditor and typesetter. This will be the final quality check of your article. Authors should also calculate any colour or excess page charges at this stage based on the proof page extent.

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Further Information

Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only (unless otherwise stated). Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Further reprints of your article may be ordered from There is no page charge to authors.

Funder Compliance

Author Compliance Tool

Meteorological Applications offers both Green and Gold Open Access options. Use the above link to check compliance with your funder's policies.

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